Dougherty is a small town that lies in Murray County of Oklahoma. This puts it in the southern central portion of the state. As of 2000, the census reported 224 people living in Dougherty with these residents forming 60 families. In 2000, this number went down to 215, representing a decrease of 4.02 percent since 200. The area of the town is only around 0.4 square miles and classified as a completely rural area.
Compared to other areas of both the state and the country, Dougherty is a very affordable place to live and this consequently, the average income in the town is a bit lower than other areas. Despite this, home values have been increasing in value through the years.
When Dougherty was first created it was known by the name of Henderson Flats and was within the Chickasaw Nation within Tishomingo County in Indian Territory. The Santa Fe Railroad did not appear in the town until 1887 and the official post office was created later that year. Dougherty got its current name around 1887.
In the past Dougherty was an attraction for picnickers who wanted to see the nearby Burning Mountain which was fueled by natural gas. They would arrive via the railroad.
Although there are no major highways near Dougherty, the railroad does pass through it, carrying freight traffic. State Route 110 does pass through it and this is locally known as Main Street. The town itself is organized very well, making it almost impossible to get lost, especially considering its small size.