With nicknames like “The Gateway to South Carolina” and “Football City USA”, Rock Hill is the largest city in York County, as well as the fifth-largest city in the state of South Carolina. It is situated roughly 25 miles south of Charlotte, Nouth Carolina, and approximately 70 miles north of Columbia, South Carolina. The city's name came about after a cut was made through white flinty rock during construction of the railroad that ran from Columbia to Charlotte.
The notable Catawba Indian Nation, which is a traditionally Siouan-speaking tribe, were one of the original indigenous peoples that lived in the area during the first European encounter. Today, this is the only tribe in all of South Carolina that is actually federally recognized, with a majority of its members living in and around Rock Hill.