East Ryegate is a small town situated inside of Caledonia County in the state of Vermont. It is the southernmost town in the county and was chartered in 1763. The name is derived from a variation of the spelling for a town in Surrey. The town quickly grew economically because of its streams and river full of trout, the nearby hills and valleys perfect for grazing livestock, and its fertile soil and orchards. The town today remains popular not just for these attributes but also for the granite quarries that exist in the Blue Mountain. It has a population of around 1,175 residents and spans 36 square miles. Of the 435 households in the city, the average median income is $36,000. The town enjoys the Connecticut River as its Eastern boundary. It also abuts Groton, Barnet, and Newbery.