South Ryegate, Vermont is a village within the town of Ryegate both of which are found in Caledonia County. As of the 2010 census, Ryegate had 1,174 citizens within its borders. Originally chartered in 1763, Ryegate is nestled along the Connecticut River. Settlement of Ryegate began in 1774 with a strong population of Scottish immigrants moving into the area through the Scotch American Company of Farmers from Lanark and Renfrew, Scotland. Farming and fishing were profitable in the area and as populations grew, the town became connected to the Connecticut & Passumpsic Rivers Railroad line. By utilizing the Connecticut River, Ryegate gained water power, built a successful gristmill and five sawmills, making the town profitable and attractive to newcomers.