The town of Luke, Maryland, is located in Alleghany County in western Maryland right along the Potomac River. This town was originally known by the name of West Piedmont when it was first settled during the 1770s. The Davis brothers were some of the first settlers to arrive in the area, and they are credited with establishing the sawmill that put the town on the map. Eventually the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad brought more business to the area, and the population began to rise. In the 1880s, however, the railroad company ceased developments and the property was sold to the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company – now the NewPage Corporation facility. The current name of the town, Luke, was given in reference to William Luke, who settled the area after the railroad left.
Given that Luke and the surrounding Alleghany County area are so old, there is a great deal of local history to experience. In fact, Alleghany County is home to 44 locations listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The county also contains part of Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park.